In teaching Physical, Social and Health Education at BHA, our intent is that pupils will develop the knowledge, skills and attributes required for a healthy and safe life in modern Britain. There is a great deal of evidence to suggest that that well-delivered PSHE programmes have an impact on both academic and non-academic outcomes for pupils, particularly the most vulnerable and disadvantaged.
The national curriculum also states that ‘all schools should make provision for personal, social, health and economic education (PSHE), drawing on good practice'. PSHE education contributes to schools' statutory duties outlined in the Education Act 2002 and the Academies Act 2010 to provide a balanced and broadly-based curriculum and is essential to Ofsted judgements in relation to personal development, behaviour, welfare and safeguarding. The relationships and health aspects of PSHE education will be compulsory in all schools from 2020.
At Bredon Hill Academy, PSHE is taught in line with the PSHE Association recommended programme of study and includes three core themes across both KS2 and KS3:
•Health and Wellbeing
•Living in the Wider World
This Programme of Study for PSHE education identifies the key concepts, skills and attributes that are developed through PSHE education, helping to safeguard pupils, support their spiritual, moral, cultural, mental and physical development and prepare them for the opportunities, responsibilities and experiences of life.
The Programme of Study is a ‘spiral programme’ which introduces new and more challenging learning while building on what has gone before. In turn, this reflects and meets the personal developmental needs of children and young people.
At Bredon Hill Academy, we recognise that the PSHE education programme is just one part of what we can do to help a child to develop the knowledge, skills, attitudes and understanding they need to fulfil their potential. The PSHE Programme of Study is linked to other subjects’ schemes of work as well as whole school approaches to pastoral support. We aim to provide a setting where the responsible choice becomes the easy choice.
The Programme of Study offers flexibility for BHA to prioritise the topic areas that are most relevant to our pupils using local data (for example, Public Health England CHIMAT data sets) and our knowledge of our own pupils’ needs.
At Bredon Hill Academy, we invite families and the wider community to get involved. If you would like to help in our PSHE Programme of Study, through coming in to school to talk with groups, debate, talk about your work etc. please contact Claire Matthews, Subject Coordinator: firstname.lastname@example.org
KS2 study topics may include:
- how to manage transition
- how to resolve differences by looking at alternatives, seeing and respecting others’ points of view, making decisions and explaining choices
- what being part of a community means, and about the varied institutions that support communities locally and nationally
- how to recognise the role of voluntary, community and pressure groups, especially in relation to health and wellbeing
- how to appreciate the range of national, regional, religious and ethnic identities in the United Kingdom to consider the lives of people living in other places and people with different values and customs
- learning about the role money plays in their own and others’ lives, including how to manage their money and about being a critical consumer
- how to develop an initial understanding of the concepts of ‘interest’, ‘loan’, ‘debt’, and ‘tax’ (e.g. their contribution to society through the payment of VAT)
that resources can be allocated in different ways and that these economic choices affect individuals, communities and the sustainability of the environment across the world
- learning what is meant by enterprise and begin to develop enterprise skills
- how to explore and critique how the media present information
- howto critically examine what is presented to them in social media and why it is important to do so; understand how information contained in social media can misrepresent or mislead; the importance of being careful what they forward to others
- sex and relationships education including learning about puberty, different attitudes around gender stereotyping and sexuality, building good relationships, human reproduction, conception and pregnancy, the roles of parents and carers,
KS3 topics may include:
At Key Stage 3, pupils build on the skills, attitudes, values, knowledge and understanding they have acquired and developed during the primary phase. PSHE education acknowledges and addresses the changes that young people are experiencing, the challenges of adolescence and their increasing independence. It teaches the skills which will equip them for the opportunities and challenges of life. Pupils are encouraged to manage diverse relationships and the increasing influence of peers and the media. PSHE education allows them to be more confident in addressing the challenges of effective learning and making a full and active contribution to society.
CORE THEME 1 – HEALTH AND WELLBEING
This core theme focuses on:
- how to maintain physical, mental and emotional health and wellbeing;
- how to make informed choices about health and wellbeing matters including drugs, alcohol and tobacco, maintaining a balanced diet, physical activity, mental and emotional health and wellbeing and sexual health within the context of healthy relationships
- about parenthood
- how to assess and manage risks to health and to keep themselves and others safe
- how to identify and access help, advice and support
- how to respond in an emergency, including administering first aid
- the role and influence of the media on lifestyle
This core theme focuses on:
- how to develop and maintain a variety of healthy relationships within a range of social/cultural contexts and to develop parenting skills
- relationships and sex education which is designed to ensure pupils are taught the knowledge and life skills they will need to stay safe and develop healthy and supportive relationships, particularly dealing with the challenges of growing up in an online world.
- how to recognise and manage emotions within a range of relationships
- how to deal with risky or negative relationships including all forms of bullying (including the distinct challenges posed by online bullying) and abuse, sexual and other violence and online encounters
- about managing loss including bereavement, separation and divorce
- to respect equality and be a productive member of a diverse community
- how to identify and access appropriate advice and support
ECONOMIC WELLBEING, CAREERS AND THE WORLD OF WORK
This core theme focuses on:
- rights and responsibilities as members of diverse communities, as active citizens and participants in the local and national economy
- how to make informed choices and be enterprising and ambitious
- how to develop employability, team working and leadership skills and develop flexibility and resilience
- learning about the economic and business environment
- how personal financial choices can affect oneself and others and about rights and responsibilities as consumers
Assessment in PSHE
As in other subjects, a range of assessment techniques are incorporated into teaching and learning activities including self-assessment, peer assessment and teacher-led assessment.
In practice, this may be
• Attitude ranking statements or continuums
• Diamond nines
• Draw and Write
• Formal debate
• Graffiti boards/sheets/post-it notes
• Leaflet design
• Mind map
• Mock radio or TV interview on a ‘hot topic’
• Open questions
• Quizzes or Questionnaires
• Review sheets
• Role play/Scenarios
• Sentence stems or rounds
• Song/rap, commercial, poem
• Team Challenges
• The story so far: (where have we got to?)
• Word/brainstorm, thought shower
Reporting on PSHE
We report on PSHE annually. ‘I can’ statements for PSHE can be found in the assessment area of the BHA wesbite
PSHE education has significant potential to boost pupils’ life chances, helping them to stay safe both online and offline, improve their physical and emotional health and develop the character, resilience and skills they need to succeed academically and in the workplace.
PSHE education is an important response to parental fears about child safety online and offline. When pupils receive lessons on healthy relationships, their first sexual activity occurs later and they are more likely to report abuse and exploitation. Experts see PSHE education as the best way to promote the safe use of technology and address online abuse.
Educating pupils about their health reduces risk-taking behaviours such as drug or alcohol addiction and improves diet and exercise levels, in turn boosting long-term life chances. There is also good evidence to suggest that emergency first aid skills programmes delivered through PSHE education could have a significant impact on survival in critical situations. The British Heart Foundation, British Red Cross and St John Ambulance – are strongly supportive of statutory PSHE education as a means of equipping all young people with emergency life-saving skills and knowledge.
There is growing evidence that, when delivered well, PSHE education can promote positive outcomes relating to emotional health while reducing stigma and helping pupils learn where to go if they have mental health concerns. This all helps to boost pupils’ life chances.
Poor mental health is the key emerging risk for children and young people according to recent research. PSHE education is the school subject through which mental health is addressed, with three key areas of focus:
· promoting positive mental health among pupils through evidence-based programmes
· giving pupils information on where to go if they are worried about their own mental health or that of a friend or family member
· reducing mental health stigma by teaching about the issues openly and honestly.
The 2017 joint inquiry into the role of education in supporting mental health by the Commons Education and Health Committees concluded that there should be a whole-school approach to mental health, with statutory PSHE education playing an important role. The report also highlighted the potential effects of social media use on mental health and how PSHE education can help in this regard. There is good evidence of the impact of this kind of learning. Studies on universal school-based social, emotional and/or behavioural programmes show that these lessons could benefit pupils in seven outcome measures including social skills, antisocial behaviour, positive self-image, mental health, and prosocial behaviour as well as having an impact on bullying.
The non-academic skills and attributes acquired through PSHE education have a positive impact on academic performance and life chances as well as being key to boosting the employability of school-leavers and improving social mobility.